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1 edition of Prevention of disease, disability & death in blacks & other minorities found in the catalog.

Prevention of disease, disability & death in blacks & other minorities

Prevention of disease, disability & death in blacks & other minorities

annual program review 1986

by

  • 254 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control in [Atlanta, Ga.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • African Americans -- Diseases,
  • Health planning -- United States,
  • Minorities -- Health and hygiene -- United States,
  • Mortality -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies.

    StatementCenters for Disease Control.
    ContributionsCenters for Disease Control (U.S.)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA448.5N4 P74 1987
    The Physical Object
    Pagination134 p. :
    Number of Pages134
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18233064M


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Prevention of disease, disability & death in blacks & other minorities Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Prevention of disease, disability & death in Blacks & other minorities: annual program review, [Centers for Disease Control (U.S.)]. Cardiovascular heart disease mortality in African Americans is the highest of all major racial/ethnic subpopulations in the United States.

Examining race and ethnicity, Cardiovascular Disease in Racial and Ethnic Minorities will reveal that there are unacceptable healthcare disparities in risk factor prevalence, disease states, and cardiovascular outcomes in the United : Hardcover.

According to the U.S. Census, approximately 36 percent of the population belongs to a racial or ethnic minority group. Though health indicators such as life expectancy and infant mortality have improved for most Americans, some minorities experience a disproportionate burden of preventable disease, death, and disability compared with non-minorities.

Studies of racial/ethnic disparities in diagnosis and treatment proliferated throughout the s and were characterized by increasingly sophisticated control or adjustment for such confounding variables as health insurance status, income and education, severity or stage of disease, comorbidity, and hospital type and resources.

Many leading health experts point to underlying medical conditions, including heart disease and diabetes, as one explanation for why minority populations are seeing high rates of sickness and death from COVID These conditions are more common in black and Hispanic Americans.

though preventable illness, injury, disability, and death affect all segments of society — is that life expectancy and other key health outcomes vary greatly by race, sex, socioeconomic. Blacks about cancer risks and risk reduction, and ascertain the factors that hinder or pro-mote the diffusion of health information to Black and other minority populations.

Choos-ing to address the most prevalent and pre-ventable cancers affecting Blacks, the project obtained self-reported cancer prevention knowledge, attitudes, and practices. The Risk and Magnitude of Stroke in Racial and Ethnic Minorities.

Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States, and a major cause of disability. 28 However, the burden of fatal and nonfatal stroke is higher and health related quality of life is lower in racial/ethnic minorities.

13, 16 Minority individuals seem to have more hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and less leisure Cited by:   Cardiovascular disease disproportionately affects minority groups and is the leading cause of death among women in the United States, and both groups receive suboptimal care for the disease.

Disparities in the treatment of diabetes mellitus in African Americans, women, patients with less than a high school education, and the elderly have been by: non-Hispanic blacks bear a disproportionate burden of disease, injury, death, and disability.

Although the top three causes and seven of the 10 leading causes of death are the same for non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites (the largest racial/ ethnic population in.

At every stage of the disablement process, from chronic conditions to disability, 2 black people fare worse than white people. 3 – 7 Disability is a significant contributor to the number of work days lost and the number of years of potential life lost, and is a good predictor of medical and social service utilization.

8, 9 Much is known about black-white disparities in disability in mid- to. Coronary heart disease mortality/ morbidity and risk in blacks. II: Access to medical care Since the cardiovascular disease mortality is higher, life expectancy shorter, and socioeconomic conditions lower for black persons compared to the majority population, speculation arises disability & death in blacks & other minorities book to the possible role of distribution of health resources for this segment of the by:   It is a major cause of injury, disability & death in blacks & other minorities book, and premature death.

Black male adolescents are six times more likely than whites to die of homicide, and firearms are the primary method [ 28 ].

Inblack males accounted for 60 % of injuries due to firearms compared to 8 % for whites [ 29 ].Cited by:   The Political Nature of Health Disparities.

When then U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Margaret Heckler released the Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Black and Minority Health inobesity was among the modifiable risk factors associated with leading causes of "excess deaths" ().Excess deaths were defined as the numbers of deaths observed in specific minority Cited by: Conclusion: Although minorities experience a disproportionate share of death and disability from ischemic heart disease, it is often difficult to understand the source of this disparity, as black and white patients may differ with regard to clinical status, treatments received, site of care, socioeconomic status, and other by: The National Council has targeted the significant, unmet needs of minorities with disabilities as a policy priority.

Minorities constitute a disproportionate share of the disability community and have a unique set of needs in addition to those experienced by other people with disabilities.

The causes of excess mortality for young and middle-aged African Americans are also sources of disparate disease burden and death among other American minorities. Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders and Hispanic adults are diagnosed with diabetes at rates three times and times higher than non-Hispanic by: The Task Force defined minorities as blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and Asian/Pacific Islanders.

It paid particular attention to the higher death rates of blacks and other minorities in comparison to whites, noting that there w greater deaths for blacks per year, higher than for any other. This is how disability is understood in the Disability Rights and Disability Pride movements; but there is a massive disconnect with the way disability is typically viewed within analytic philosophy.

The idea that disability is not inherently bad or sub-optimal is one that many philosophers treat with open skepticism, and sometimes even with by:   While it is true that heart disease, stroke, and diabetes — all of which are obesity related — are the three leading causes of death for black women and affect large numbers of black women, the more dramatic disparities relative to white women are in conditions that threaten black women in their prime: the risk of developing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (incidence ratio of about 20.

Reducing adverse outcomes of motor vehicle crashes among minority teens. Minority teen injury, disability, and death resulting from motor vehicle crashes can be reduced through three categories of interventions: (1) those targeting the general population; (2) those focusing on teens in general; and (3) interventions that specifically target minority by: Blacks make up 12% of the US population and are the largest minority group.

Hispanics comprise the second largest minority, with subgroups originating from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and other Central and South American countries.

The Asians /93/$ Chen SMOKING AND THE HEALTH GAP IN MINORITIES TABLE by: This guideline covers the main risk factors linked with cardiovascular disease: poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

It aims to reduce the high incidence of cardiovascular disease. This, in turn, will help prevent other major causes of death and illness, such as type 2 diabetes and many cancers. THE HEALTH status of blacks, other minorities, and the poor remains unconscionably low when contrasted with that of white Americans.

This disparity is not new but is an historical trend that can be seen across all categories of the leading causes of death and disease Cited by:   Abbreviations: ICD, International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision.

a Source: Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) system supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (4). Categories of causes of death established by the ICD b Because the number of deaths was too small to provide stable estimates, our racial/ethnic Cited by: Death rates have fallen by 25 percent for African-Americans sincebut younger blacks are still dying far too young from diseases that shouldn’t kill them, government researchers said Tuesday.

The need to understand the nationwide burden of inflammatory bowel disease in diverse ethnic populations is underscored by the prediction that by54% of the U.S. population will comprise minority populations, with Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Blacks, the two largest racial and ethnic groups, expected to contribute to 45% of the U.S Cited by: Using the ACS definition of disability, African Americans were more likely to be disabled than were individuals in the total population, percent versus percent.

12 These findings are consistent with other research showing that African Americans experience a higher incidence of chronic diseases that can lead to disability. Black-white differences in trend were examined because diabetes and its complications disproportionately affect blacks and other minorities (1,3).

Although genetic markers have not been identified for most forms of NIDDM, which accounts for 97% of incident cases, twin studies, studies of ancestral admixture, and other studies suggest that. Health care disparities for disabled. “Most of the literature about these problems has appeared in disability-centered journals that are not very accessible to many people, so one of my goals in putting together this analysis was bringing this information to a high-visibility, broadly accessible journal.” the focus from prevention.

In acknowledging that blacks and other minority groups suffered a ''persistent and continuing disparity in the burden of death, illness and disability'' compared with. More black women than black men had earned at least a bachelor's degree ( percent compared with percent), while among non-Hispanic whites, a higher proportion of women than men had earned at least a bachelor's degree ( percent and percent, respectively).

percent of non-Hispanic blacks have a graduate or advanced. Penn black scholar It actually all started here at Penn more than years ago when faculty member W.E.B. DuBois set out to conduct the first sociological study of a black community in the United States.

It became the historic page, book, The Philadelphia Negro, and included the first-ever analysis of the health of that non-white community. Health Care for Blacks Part 1: Overviews of the Report and the Black Population Part 2: Trends in Priorities of the Heckler Report Care for Cancer Care for Cardiovascular Diseases Care for Substance Use Disorders Care for Diabetes Suicide Prevention and Mental Health Care Infant Mortality and Maternity Care References.

Teenage drivers, especially males, have higher rates of motor vehicle crashes and engage in riskier driving behavior than adults. Motor vehicle deaths disproportionately impact youth from poor and minority communities and in many communities there are higher rates of risky behaviors among minority youth.

In this paper, the authors review the data on teens, risky driving behaviors, Cited by: Minority Health and Health Disparities InSecretary of Health and Human Services Margaret M. Heckler issued the Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Black and Minority Health.

This landmark report revealed the disproportionate burden of disease, disability, and death experienced by African Americans, Hispanics.

It is the world’s leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease, stroke, disability, and death. black, and other minority patients, Blood pressure lowering for prevention of cardiovascular disease and death: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

by: 3. Disease and Disability Causes of Death Health Care JANET OLSZEWSKI, Director. Although death is the most severe outcome of disease or injury, it represents only a fraction of the disease burden for Michigan. respiratory disease and suicides indicated that whites had a higher death rate than other minority populations.

CVD remains by far the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for % of deaths in whites, % in African Americans, % in Native Americans, up to % in Asians, and % in Hispanics.

2 The Asian population is heterogeneous, and death rates for coronary artery disease (CAD) vary according to subgroup, as shown in Cited by: Priorities of the Heckler Report Focused on six causes of death with large Black-White disparities: Cancer Cardiovascular disease and stroke Chemical dependency Diabetes Homicide and accidents Infant mortality Data on “other minorities,” including Hispanics: Very limited in the s.

The Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that from to the number of diabetes cases rose 33 percent among blacks, three times the increase among whites.BMI: preventing ill health and premature death in black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups (PH46) aims to determine whether lower cut-off points should be used for black, Asian and other.

Minority Gun Owners Face Balancing Act, Weighing Isolation and Stigma of Violence Video In recent decades, gun ownership has been taboo among many .